EPPO data sheets on pests recommended for regulation. Fiches informatives sur les organismes recommand´es pour r´eglementation. Keiferia lycopersicella. General information about Keiferia lycopersicella (GNORLY). Background. The tomato pinworm, Keiferia lycopersicella (Walsingham) ( Lepidoptera,. Gelechiidae) is a pest of tomatoes in North America. It has caused foliage.
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Larvae usually begin feeding in leaf mines before moving to fruit, but may enter fruit soon after hatching.
The mature larva measures 5. The larvae feed on Solanaceae species, including Lycopersicon esculentumSolanum melongenaSolanum tuberosumSolanum carolinenseSolanum xanthiiSolanum umbelliferum and Solanum bahamense.
Keiferia lycopersicella has round to pointed microgranules. Schalk and Robbins found that although aluminium mulches had other benefits, fruit injury increased due to attack by tomato pinworm.
Photograph by James Castner, University of Florida. Consequently, chemical control is contingent upon frequent and accurate observations of fields for pinworm mines. As the larva matures the leaf is distorted and spun together, flowers are also affected in this way. This same region has microspines in Tuta absoluta. Comparative material of both species is helpful to see this difference.
There, because native lycopersicellx were ineffective, parasitoids were imported from Hawaii in and releases made of three; of Pseudapanteles dignus, Apanteles scutellaris and Parahormius pallipes, but no recoveries were made. The adult emerges from this pupal cell two to four lycolersicella later.
Keiferia lycopersicella – Wikipedia
Keiferia lycopersicella From Bugwoodwiki. Chemical Control Due to the variable regulations around de- registration of pesticides, we are for the moment not including any specific chemical control recommendations. They concluded that damage by all species was less severe on staked plants. The larvae lgcopersicella through 4 instars in about 10 days in summer.
Mature larvae abandon the host and form a loose pupal cell of sand grains near the soil surface. Tomato foliage showing field damage by tomato pinworm, Keiferia lycopersicella Walshingham. These mines widen during the second larval instar forming a translucent blotch. In leaves, larvae mine for the first two instars and then form leaf folds in which the last two instars are completed.
Leaf folding damage to tomato by the tomato pinworm, Keiferia lycopersicella Walshingham. The labial palpus is upturned. Photos lycopersivella insects and people from the gathering in ArizonaJuly Photos of insects and people from the gathering in Alabama Photos of insects and people from the gathering in Iowa Photos from the Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa Photos from the gathering in Washington.
Photograph by David J.
The two are very similar but may be separated by ,ycopersicella cuticular texture of the dorsum of the posterior abdominal segments. Problems are generally associated with use of infested transplants. All three L setae on T1 are often joined on a single sclerotized pinaculum.
Use of locally produced and ‘clean’ transplants is recommended to avoid transplanting pest problems with the crop. Tomato pinworm, Keiferia lycopersicella Walshinghamdamage on tomatoes.
Retrieved from ” http: If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. The most important damage occurs when larvae enter fruit.
Tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum L. Pupation occurs in a web on the ground surface.
EPPO Global Database
Price and Poe investigated the effect of staking and artificial mulching of kdiferia plants on insect pest populations in southern Florida. Tomato pinworm is a sporadic pest in Georgia. Insect Management Guide for tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant.
Native to North America, Hawaii and Mexico. Fewer volunteer plants were produced after harvesting the October-November planted crops than after later plantings. In initial screenings, accessions of L. The effects of planting time and postharvest practices on Kiferia. Bugguide is hosted by: For each 10 mines in the first leaf, in the first two leaves and in the first three leaves there was a reduction in yield of Photograph by University of Florida.
It persisted in the literature as the eggplant leafminer until redescribed as a new species Busck collected from tomatoes.
Kieferia lycopersicella on tomato – Keiferia lycopersicella –
Larvae may feed shallowly beneath the skin of the fruit near the stem or lycpoersicella bore into the core of the fruit. This species also resembles several species of Scrobipalpafrom which males can be separated by the long hair pencils at the base on the hindwing costa lacking in Scrobipalpa.
There are seven to eight generations per year. Young larvae are yellowish-gray with a brown head capsule. When the market price of tomatoes was considered, the economic threshold was 0.